Links to document access are available online on ZOTERO marine ecosystem services group

2008/56/EC DIRECTIVE. (2008). 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament And of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive). Retrieved from

Atkins, J. P., Burdon, D., Elliott, M., & Gregory, A. J. (2011). Management of the marine environment: Integrating ecosystem services and societal benefits with the DPSIR framework in a systems approach. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62(2), 215–226.

Barbier, E. B., Acreman, M., & Knowler, D. (1997). Economic valuation of wetlands: A guide for policy makers and planners. Gland, Switzerland: Ramsar Convention Bureau. Retrieved from

Beaumont, N. J., Austen, M. C., Atkins, J. P., Burdon, D., Degraer, S., Dentinho, T. P., … Zarzycki, T. (2007). Identification, definition and quantification of goods and services provided by marine biodiversity: Implications for the ecosystem approach. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 54(3), 253–265.

Boulanger, P.-M., & Bréchet, T. (2005). Models for policy-making in sustainable development: The state of the art and perspectives for research. Ecological Economics, 55(3), 337–350.

Boyd, J., & Banzhaf, S. (2007). What are ecosystem services? The need for standardized environmental accounting units. Ecological Economics, 63(2–3), 616–626.

Braat, L. C. (2012). Ecosystem services—science, policy and practice: Introduction to the journal and the inaugural issue. Ecosystem Services, 1(1), 1–3.

Braat, L. C., & de Groot, R. (2012). The ecosystem services agenda:bridging the worlds of natural science and economics, conservation and development, and public and private policy. Ecosystem Services, 1(1), 4–15.

Braat, L. C., & ten Brink, P. (2008). The Cost of Policy Inaction: The case of not meeting the 2010 biodiversity target. Wageningen / Brussels.

Butchart, S. H. M., Walpole, M., Collen, B., Strien, A. van, Scharlemann, J. P. W., Almond, R. E. A., … Watson, R. (2010). Global Biodiversity: Indicators of Recent Declines. Science, 328(5982), 1164–1168.

Cabral, P., Levrel, H., Schoenn, J., Thiébaut, E., Le Mao, P., Mongruel, R., … Daures, F. (n.d.). Marine habitats ecosystem service potential: A vulnerability approach in the Normand-Breton (Saint Malo) Gulf, France. Ecosystem Services.

Carpenter, S. R., Bennett, E. M., & Peterson, G. D. (2006). Scenarios for ecosystem services: an overview. Ecology and Society. Retrieved from

Carpenter, S. R., Mooney, H. A., Agard, J., Capistrano, D., DeFries, R. S., Díaz, S., … Whyte, A. (2009). Science for managing ecosystem services: Beyond the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(5), 1305–1312.

Costanza, R., d’ Arge, R., de Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., … van den Belt, M. (1997). The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature, 387(6630), 253–260.

Daily, G. C., Polasky, S., Goldstein, J., Kareiva, P. M., Mooney, H. A., Pejchar, L., … Shallenberger, R. (2009). Ecosystem services in decision making: time to deliver. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 7(1), 21–28.

DEFRA. (2014). Marine Conservation Zones: Update. Retrieved from

De Groot, R. S., Wilson, M. A., & Boumans, R. M. J. (2002). A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Ecological Economics, 41(3), 393–408.

Des Clers, S., Lewin, S., Edwards, D., Searle, S., Lieberknecht, L., & Murphy, D. (2008). FisherMap. Mapping the Grounds: recording fishermen’s use of the seas. Final Report. Finding Sanctuary project. Retrieved from

Diaz, R. J., & Rosenberg, R. (2008). Spreading Dead Zones and Consequences for Marine Ecosystems. Science, 321(5891), 926–929.

Fisher, B., Turner, R. K., & Morling, P. (2009). Defining and classifying ecosystem services for decision making. Ecological Economics, 68(3), 643–653.

Fletcher, S., Saunders, J., & Herbert, R. J. H. (2011). A review of the ecosystem services provided by broad-scale marine habitats in England’s MPA network. Journal of Coastal Research, 64, 378–383.

Fraschetti, S., Terlizzi, A., & Boero, F. (2008). How many habitats are there in the sea (and where)? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 366(1–2), 109–115.

Galparsoro, I., Connor, D. W., Borja, Á., Aish, A., Amorim, P., Bajjouk, T., … Vasquez, M. (2012). Using EUNIS habitat classification for benthic mapping in European seas: Present concerns and future needs. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64(12), 2630–2638.

Gómez-Baggethun, E., de Groot, R., Lomas, P. L., & Montes, C. (2010). The history of ecosystem services in economic theory and practice: From early notions to markets and payment schemes. Ecological Economics, 69(6), 1209–1218.

Granek, E. F., Polasky, S., Kappel, C. V., Reed, D. J., Stoms, D. M., Koch, E. W., … Wolanski, E. (2010). Ecosystem Services as a Common Language for Coastal Ecosystem-Based Management. Conservation Biology, 24(1), 207–216.

Haines-Young, R., & Potschin, M. (2010). The links between biodiversity, ecosystem services and human well-being. In Ecosystem Ecology: A New Synthesis (Raffaelli, D.G & C.L.J. Frid (eds.)). Cambridge University Press.

Hall, K., Paramor, O. A. L., Robinson, L. A., Winrow-Giffin, A., Frid, C. L. J., Eno, N. C., … Ramsay, K. (2008). Mapping the sensitivity of benthic habitats to fishing in Welsh waters- development of a protocol. (Report) (p. 86). Liverpool: A report to CCW from the University of Liverpool. Retrieved from

Hiscock, K., & Tyler-Walters, H. (2006). Assessing the sensitivity of seabed species and biotopes — the Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN). In K. Martens, H. Queiroga, M. R. Cunha, A. Cunha, M. H. Moreira, V. Quintino, … R. M. Warwick (Eds.), Marine Biodiversity (pp. 309–320). Springer Netherlands. Retrieved from

Hughes, T. P., Bellwood, D. R., Folke, C., Steneck, R. S., & Wilson, J. (2005). New paradigms for supporting the resilience of marine ecosystems. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 20(7), 380–386.

ICES. (2013). Report of the Working Group on Integrated Assessments of the North Sea (WGINOSE) (No. ICES CM 2013/SSGRSP:04) (p. 80pp.). Lisbon, Portugal.: ICES SCICOM Steering Group on Ecosystem Functions. Retrieved from

IUCN. (2009). An Eye on Nature A situation analysis for the IUCN 2009–2012 programme. IUCN The World Conservation Union.

Laurans, Y., Rankovic, A., Billé, R., Pirard, R., & Mermet, L. (2013). Use of ecosystem services economic valuation for decision making: Questioning a literature blindspot. Journal of Environmental Management, 119, 208–219.

Lieberknecht, L., Hooper, T. E. J., Mullier, T. M., Murphy, A., Neilly, M., Carr, H., … Hughes, E. (2011). Finding Sanctuary final report and recommendations. Finding Sanctuary stakeholder project to Defra, the Joint Nature Conservation Committee, and Natural England. Retrieved from

Liquete, C., Piroddi, C., Drakou, E. G., Gurney, L., Katsanevakis, S., Charef, A., & Egoh, B. (2013). Current Status and Future Prospects for the Assessment of Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Services: A Systematic Review. PLoS ONE, 8(7), e67737.

Maes, J. (n.d.). Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES) – An analytical framework. Retrieved July 28, 2014, from

Maltby, E. (2006). Wetland Conservation and Management: Questions for Science and Society in Applying the Ecosystem Approach. In D. R. Bobbink, D. B. Beltman, P. D. J. T. A. Verhoeven, & P. D. D. F. Whigham (Eds.), Wetlands: Functioning, Biodiversity Conservation, and Restoration (pp. 93–116). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Retrieved from

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. (2003). Ecosystems and Human Well-being A Framework for Assessment. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Retrieved from

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. (2005a). Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Biodiversity Synthesis. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Retrieved from

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. (2005b). Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Synthesis. Washington, DC.: World Resources Institute. Retrieved from

Mongruel, R., Beaumont, N., Hooper, T., Levrel, H., Somerfield, P., Thiébaut, E., … Charles, M. (2015). A Framework for the Operational Assessment of Marine Ecosystem Services. VALMER INTERREG IV A France (Channel) – England Project.
Mongruel, R., Prou, J., Ballé-Béganton, J., Lample, M., Vanhoutte-Brunier, A., Réthoret, H., … Bacher, C. (2011). Modeling Soft Institutional Change and the Improvement of Freshwater Governance in the Coastal Zone. Ecology and Society, 16(4).

Mongruel, R., Vanhoutte-Brunier, A., Fiandrino, A., Valette, F., Ballé-Béganton, J., Pérez Agúndez, J. A., … Laugier, T. (2013). Why, how, and how far should microbiological contamination in a coastal zone be mitigated? An application of the systems approach to the Thau lagoon (France). Journal of Environmental Management, 118, 55–71.

Mooney, H., A., & Ehrlich, P. R. (n.d.). Ecosystem services: A fragmentary history. In Nature’s Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems (Daily G. (Ed.), pp. pp. 11–19). Washington (DC). Retrieved from

Naber, H., Lange, G. M., & Hatziolos, M. (2004). Valuation of marine ecosystem services: a gap analysis. UNEP-WCMC. Retrieved from

Ostrom, E. (1995). Designing complexity to govern complexity. In Property rights and the environment (S. Hanna and M. Munasinghe, editors.). The World Bank. Retrieved from

Pendleton, L., Mongruel, R., Beaumont, N., Hooper, T., & Charles, M. (2014). A triage approach to improve the relevance of marine ecosystem services assessments. Marine Ecology Progress Series.

Raux, P., Mongruel, R., & Bailly, D. (2010). Report and supporting materials to economic assessment methods to decision making within the coastal zones of the Mediterranean and Black Sea Basins (Pegaso Project). UMR AMURE / UBO – IFREMER.

Rockström, J., Steffen, W., Noone, K., Persson, A., Chapin, F. S. I., Lambin, E., … Foley, J. (2009). Planetary Boundaries: Exploring the Safe Operating Space for Humanity. Ecology and Society, 14(2). Retrieved from

Rockström, J., Steffen, W., Noone, K., Persson, Å., Chapin, F. S., Lambin, E. F., … Foley, J. A. (2009). A safe operating space for humanity. Nature, 461(7263), 472–475.

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversit. (2010). Global Biodiversity Outlook 3 (p. 94). Retrieved from

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversit. (2014). Global Biodiversity Outlook 4 (p. 155). Montréal. Retrieved from

SEEA. (2014). System of Environmental-Economic Accounting 2012: Experimental Ecosystem Accounting. European Commission, Food and Agriculture Organization, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, United Nations, World Bank. Retrieved from

SEEA-EEA. (2013). System of Environmental-Economic Accounting 2012: Experimental Ecosystem Accounting. European Commission, Food and Agriculture Organization, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, United Nations, World Bank. Retrieved from

Stern, N. (2006). Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change. Retrieved March 2, 2015, from

Study of Critical Environmental. (1970). Man’s Impact On The Global Environment: Assessment and Recommendations for Action. Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Press. Retrieved from

TEEB. (2010). The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: Mainstreaming the Economics of Nature: A synthesis of the approach, conclusions and recommendations of TEEB. Retrieved from

Townsend, M., Thrush, S. F., & Carbines, M. J. (2011). Simplifying the complex: an “Ecosystem Principles Approach” to goods and services management in marine coastal ecosystems. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 434, 291–301.

Turner, R. K., & Daily, G. C. (2007). The Ecosystem Services Framework and Natural Capital Conservation. Environmental and Resource Economics, 39(1), 25–35.

Willis, C., & Fish, R. (2014, December). Exploring the Cultural Ecosystem Services and Benefits of the Marine and Coastal Environment: A Case Study from South West England. Presented at the Cultural Implications for Ecosystem Services 1 ACES 2014, Washington, DC.

Photo: © Frédéric Le Mouillour